`Earthquakes don`t kill people, buildings do,` this axiom clearly illustrates the power of the building. It speaks out for that ultimate ethos that constructed forum holds, which is massive than even a powerful earthquake. The only possible solution to this problem is setting your buildings on the base of safe & planned construction. And with the technology whirlpool that surrounds us today this isn`t a difficult task either. Today, in recognizing concern for natural disasters, acts of terrorism, indoor air quality, materials hazards, and fires, the design and construction of safe and secure buildings continues to be the primary goal for owners, architects, engineers, and project managers.
The design team must take a multi-hazard approach towards building design that accounts for the potential hazards and vulnerabilities. Applicable multi-hazard events include: bomb threats, terrorist acts, nuclear, radiological, chemical or biological threats, fires, medical emergencies, demonstrations and civil disorders, power failures, spills or leaks of hazardous substances, and natural disasters (hurricanes, tornados, floods, earthquakes, etc.)
Designing buildings for security and safety requires a proactive approach that anticipates-and then protects-the building occupants, resources, structure, and continuity of operations from multiple hazards. The first step in this process is to understand the various threats and the risks they pose. There are a number of defined assessment types to consider that will lead the project team in making security and safety design decisions. This effort identifies the resources or `assets` to be protected, highlights the possible perils or `threats,`and establishes a likely consequence of occurrence or `risk.` Based on this assessment and analysis, building owners and other invested parties select the appropriate safety measures to implement.
Here we will put to light some of the safety measures to necessitate a sturdy construction.
- Gaps between Buildings for earthquake related movement.
- Earthquake Resistant Construction.
- Effect of electrical conducts cables on the strength of structures.
- Effect of Sanitary systems.
- List of IS CODES, for earthquakes in India.