Construction industry boom can be seen in almost all the developing countries. The demand for supplies is high; supply of raw material, builder hardware, paints, manpower and everything else regarding construction. And India is rich in all the resources.
But the main reason behind the success leap of the growing sector is the man managers team that makes construction industry a managed one. Traditionally the field was monopolized by unskilled working nature, but the recent consciousness about the enormity of the construction industry has attracted more & more professionals on to it. Here is a list of the man-managers team of the class and their required qualification.
Architects work on design sketches of proposed buildings, layouts of structures, and co-ordinate with other professionals involved in the execution of the construction work. They need to have a degree/ diploma in architecture and a license to practice.
Civil, or structural engineers, take over after the architect completes the design. This involves surveying the site, investigating the technical and economic aspects, and organizing and supervising the construction work. The structural aspect is most important for disaster resistance. Civil engineers also handle the construction of roads, bridges, tunnels and other structural facilities, repair and maintenance of buildings, and sanitation systems.
For civil engineers, a bachelors degree in civil or structural engineering is needed. The town and country planners primary task is to ensure the best utilization of land, after considering topography, location of residential areas, industries, schools, parks and other requirements, for the development of towns, cities, and colonies. This requires field surveys and studies, after which design layouts in the form of models, or sketches, are presented. Town / urban planning is a post-graduate specialization, after a bachelors degree in architecture, or a related subject.
A surveyor has to take geometric measurements of land for assessing the feasibility of construction, given the topography of the area, including soil analysis and the like. The survey of buildings, highways, railways, canals, roads, and also large-scale survey of towns and cities related to construction, is undertaken by a surveyor who must have a certificate in surveying.
The Institute of Surveyors, 15/7 Institutional Area, New Mehrauli Road, New Delhi-110016 turns out qualified surveyors. Entry to the training program is flexible. There are the first, intermediate and final examinations. After 10+2 (PCM), students can enter at the first level examination. Diploma holders in civil engineering can enroll at the intermediate level and B.Arch./BE in Civil engineering entitles the candidates to enroll for the final exam. There is mandatory practical training for each stage.
A draughtsman (having a diploma) usually works with an architect and prepares the preliminary drawings for buildings, roads, bridges, dams, etc. After approval of a project, the draughtsman prepares the final site plan with detailed information such as sections of structures/ roads, floor plans and other specifications, in keeping with local laws.
Contractors are qualified professionals today, usually engineers. They co-ordinate the various elements of construction. They also assume responsibility for its completion within the time and cost specified in the contract. Special trade contractors handle specific skills like electrical work, plumbing, air-conditioning, painting, woodwork, etc. Highway contractors construct roads, highways, bridges, etc; while heavy construction contractors handle water and power development projects, dams, harbors, industrial sites, etc.
`Contractor` means a person who undertakes to produce a given result for any establishment, other than a mere supply of goods or articles of manufacture, by the employment of building workers or who supplies building workers for any work etc.
Building Worker means a person who is employed to do any skilled, semi-skilled or unskilled, manual, supervisory, technical or clerical work etc.
Skilled craftsmen handle a variety of structural, mechanical, electrical and finishing works. These include carpenters, masons, welders, marble and tile setters, painters, pipe fitters, electricians, air-conditioning mechanics, and so on. All skilled trades require relevant training from Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) or through the apprenticeship scheme for each specialized skill.
- To help construction professionals to keep their knowledge and skills updated.
- Gain proficiency in the performance of a specific management function in construction enterprises, projects and sites, and
- Acquire a qualification granted by Asias leading construction management Institute.